Marginal Treatment Effects with Misclassified Treatment

Désiré Kédagni – Iowa State University


This paper studies identification of the marginal treatment effect (MTE) when a binary treatment variable is misclassified. We show under standard assumptions that the MTE is identified as the derivative of the conditional expectation of the observed outcome given the true propensity score, which is partially identified. We characterize the identified set for this propensity score, and then for the MTE. We show under some mild regularity conditions that the sign of the MTE is locally identified. We use our MTE bounds to derive bounds on other commonly used parameters in the literature. We show that our bounds are tighter than the existing bounds for the local average treatment effect. We illustrate the practical relevance of our derived bounds through some numerical and empirical results.

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